Sydney Cove is the small bay on the southern shore of Sydney Harbour. This is the site of the historical landing place of the First Fleet on the 26th January 1788. Australia Day, which is Australia's national day, commemorates this arrival and the birth of the country of Australia. Sydney Cove was named after the British Home Secretary, Thomas Townshend, Lord Sydney. Today the cove is better known as Circular Quay and the city is known as Sydney.